Tunnel 13 Tonewood
Tunnel 13 sits at the top of Siskiyou Pass. Engineers piloting the SP “Gold Special” were required to stop in the tunnel and test their brakes before descending the pass. That made Tunnel 13 the perfect place to stage a robbery — or so thought 23-year-old twin brothers Ray and Roy D’Autremont.
The twins aspired to badassery, and had reportedly been in Chicago for a while trying to break into the rackets before returning to Oregon. They had intel — or thought they had — that the “Gold Special?” was going to be hauling $500,000 in gold, so they decided to hit it. They recruited their teenaged brother Hugh into the scheme and stole dynamite from a construction site to facilitate the caper.
More than three thousand years ago a Sitka sapling rooted itself atop a cliff on what is now known as Prince of Wales island. There it stood for several centuries, absorbing carbon dioxide and expelling oxygen. In approximately 850 BC a massive storm washed the tree over the cliff where it was eventually buried under rock, dirt and rubble. And there it laid encased in rock and mud, protected from decay and and allowing highly mineralized seeps to saturate its wood fibres for nearly 3000 years.
1850's Miners Redwood
The California Gold Rush (1848–1855) was a gold rush that began on January 24, 1848, when gold was found by James W. Marshall at Sutter's Mill in Coloma, California. The news of gold brought approximately 300,000 people to California from the rest of the United States and abroad. The sudden influx of gold into the money supply reinvigorated the American economy, and the sudden population increase allowed California to go rapidly to statehood. Redwood used in the post and beam support of the mines available in a very limited number for soundboards .